In one myth, she is wife to Pachacamac (Earth Creator God) and in another, she caused the earthquake from which he emerged
Pantheon, Temples & Worship
She assumes the form of a large dragon.
Llamas are sacrificed to her.
Myths Associated with Mama Pacha
One does not mess with her crops, without incurring her wrath.
After the conquest by Spain, which forced conversion to Roman Catholicism, the figure of the Virgin Mary became united with that of the Mama Pacha for many of the indigenous people. (Merlino y Rabey 1992).
Since Mama Pacha is a "good mother", people usually toast to her honor before every meeting or festivity, in some regions by spilling a small amount of chicha on the floor, before drinking the rest. This toast is called challa and it is made almost every day.
Mama Pacha has a special worship day
called Martes de challa (Challa's Tuesday), when people bury food, throw
candies, and burn incense. In some cases, celebrants assist traditional
in Aymara) in performing ancient rites to bring good luck or the good
will of the goddess, such as sacrificing guinea pigs or burning llama
fetuses (although this is no longer common). The festival coincides with
Shrove Tuesday, also celebrated as Carnvale or Mardi Gras.